Carbon Dioxide Pipelines
This map shows the buildout of carbon dioxide pipelines in tonnes per year (TPY) compatible with reaching net-zero emissions by 2050 in five year increments. Initial pipeline deployment expands off the intrastate-network of CO2 pipelines used for enhanced oil recovery in Texas and the Southwest. By 2045, a network of large trunk-lines enables smaller feeder lines to connect areas with large-scale ethanol production (i.e., the Midwest) to areas with enhanced oil recovery opportunities and potential for geologic storage or utilization in industrial products like cement or chemicals. In the longer term, inter-state pipelines tend to move CO2 from areas with high amounts of biomass or areas with significant amounts of wind (to power direct air capture facilities).